REPERES is an innovative initiative for European citizenship education based on situating the family and personal history of the learner in the context of European integration history.


The aim of rooting historical, political, economic and cultural knowledge shared during the education in individual experience is to help the learners establish a personal connection with the European project and become part of it, being aware of their role and their ability to take action in their environment.


The education is based on the emotional context that underpins the choices, judgments and actions of learners, a dimension that is often underestimated or missing from education strategies when it comes to ‘transferring’ values. Recognising the emotional context of learning should not, however, lead us to forget that ‘complex societies cannot be held together solely by feelings like sympathy and trust, which are geared to the local sphere’ (Jürgen Habermas).


It is for this reason that during the REPERES education the learners will also have to develop basic citizenship educational skills (judging, choosing, deciding, justifying, reasoning, discussing, supplying answers, committing, etc.) and also acquire skills in the areas of cooperation, communication and critical analysis.


REPERES has been developed by a multidisciplinary European team:

Robert Schuman European Centre & European Network for Education and Training (EUNET)

Centre Virtuel de la Connaissance sur l’Europe (CVCE) Luxembourg

Maison de l’Europe de Toulouse – Midi - Pyrenees

The Europe House of Rhodes


The goal was to establish a methodology for European citizenship education that would allow the learners to:

1.    increase their awareness of the strong European link which unites them through the sharing of their family history and individual experiences;

2.    learn about European citizenship and its values; and

3.    reflect together on an active commitment to citizenship.




Experience and ideas are shared via discussions between the learners prompted by personal accounts. True citizenship education takes place when the learners really get involved in the discussions, when they explore their past experience (on a personal level, the experience of family members or, failing that, of friends or public figures that have attracted their attention) and link it to the stages and values of European integration, when they seek to identify what unites them in diversity, etc. 


REPERES is a tool perfectly adapted to an intergenerational project.


Learners return from education by starting to assimilate a new vision of European integration and their personal role in it. This new vision is based on their previous experience(s) as well as on the contributions of knowledge acquired during the education. The various didactic modules that make up REPERES allow the learner to propose ideas, concepts or theories when the learners are ready to confront their own experience and understanding to the values of European citizenship.


The teacher will have the delicate responsibility to help learners build bridges, on the one hand, between their personal history (or family history or that of personalities chosen by the learners) and the history of the European construction and, of on the other hand, between their emotions, judgments and prejudices and the true values of the European Union.


The REPERES modules form a coherent whole based on pedagogical progression. The core modules can be used in a complete education that runs over 32 hours. The complementary modules are to be used according to the requests (or needs) of explanations of the learners, or in a complete process of formation to the European citizenship active on 8 hours.


They can also be implemented autonomously and independently of each other.



These publications are not binding the Robert Schuman European Centre; it is not responsible for any use which may be made ​​of the information contained therein.

You can even modify some supports to adapt them to your target audience by respecting Creative Commons licenses: CC-BY-NC-SA:

  • CC: license for free use and dissemination
  • BY: the work may be freely used, provided that it is attributed to the author by mentioning his/her name
  • NC: no commercial use (commercial uses are subject to prior authorization by the CERS)
  • SA: share initial conditions identically (under the same Creative Commons options as the original work) for so-called derivative works offered to the public


General presentation documents of the didactic approach of REPERES:


REPERES - General Presentation of the REPERES Teaching Modules

REPERES - Methodological Notes 1 - Carrying out the Education REPERES

REPERES - Methodological Notes 2 - Pedagogy - Didactics - Learning