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European integration in video clips

European integration in video clips

Des sources de la Déclaration du 9 mai 1950 aux défis actuels de l'intégration européenne en 5 capsules vidéo :

Parie 1 : les sources : https://youtu.be/icM8d94_YKk

Partie 2 : la déclaration : https://youtu.be/IeshEjvS6Ts

Parie 3-1 : L'actualité de la Déclaration : le lancement de l'intégration européenne : https://youtu.be/PMrHOyrKBrs

Partie 3-2 :  L'actualité de la Déclaration : les institutions européennes : https://youtu.be/jxX7sSL8D6o

Partie 3-3 : L'actualité de la Déclaration : les défis actuels de l'intégration européenne : https://youtu.be/yLqMf3IgIGc

PRESENTATION OF THE VIDEO CYCLE

"70TH ANNIVERSARY OF THE MAY 9TH 1950 DECLARATION"

 

Capsule 1: Sources of the Declaration

Before analysing the Declaration of 9 May 1950 and presenting some current ideas, Capsule 1 recalls some preliminary reflections of the Fathers of Europe, in particular Robert Schuman and Jean Monnet.

For in order to know where to go, one must remember where one comes from.

  1. Robert Schuman, under house arrest of GESTAPO, in Neustadt, Germany, August 1942
  2. Algiers, August 1943, Jean Monnet reflects on the post-war period and writes a note of reflection
  3. Algiers again, at the beginning of 1944 Henri Frenay and the resistance network "Combat" adopted the "Revolutionary Charter of the Free People".
  4. In The Hague, between 7 and 10 May 1948, the European Congress gathered more than 700 participants. They are the pioneers of the struggle for the union of the countries of Europe at the end of the Second World War.

It was the parallel meditations by Schuman in 1942 and Monnet in 1943 on the post-war period, the visions that emerged from the resistance against Nazism and the observation of the European movement in 1948 that gradually led to this French revolutionary proposal of 9 May 1950.

 

Capsule 2: The Declaration of 9 May 1950

To ensure peace in Europe after the horrors of the Second World War, the Declaration of 9 May 1950 proposed

  • first of all, reconciliation between the two hereditary enemies Germany and France and
  • secondly, cooperation between European countries in two key economic areas that are essential for the reconstruction of the continent and the control of arms production: coal and steel.

The institutional framework for this cooperation was proposed in the declaration of 9 May with the creation of the second supranational organisation in Europe, the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC).

  1. To avoid any confusion, recall that the first European institution created after the Second World War was the Council of Europe.
  2. Why a European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC)?
  3. To find a way to guarantee peace in Europe in the post-war period
  4. 9 May 1950
  5. Negotiations on the European Coal and Steel Community
  6. The Treaty of Paris
  7. The most important passages of the declaration of 9 May 1950

With the establishment of the ECSC, the participating States voluntarily ceded part of their sovereignty to an organisation at European level for the first time in European history. The Robert Schuman Declaration thus made it possible to create the current EU by preparing its historical institutional framework.

One of the main achievements of Jean Monnet's project was Franco-German reconciliation. Its most important legacy, however, is the supranational institutions to which the Declaration paved the way; institutions that have made a significant contribution over the last 70 years to ensuring the peaceful coexistence of the EU Member States.

That is why the Robert Schuman Declaration of 9 May 1950 must be seen as innovative and visionary, as a cornerstone of peace and European integration.

 

Chapters 3: The topicality of the Declaration of 9 May 1950

Capsule 3-1 - European integration: years 1947 - 1954

This first part of Capsule 3 is dedicated to the first years of European integration: from the creation of the Council of Europe, through the establishment of the ECSC by the Declaration of 9 May 1950, to the abandonment of the European Defence and Political Communities in 1954.

  1. Ending the war differently...
  2. The division of Europe...
  3. Intergovernmental Europe
  4. The declaration of 9 May 1950
  5. The Europe of federal integration
  6. Europe: trade democracy

Capsule 3-2 - Institutional development since 1950

In this second part of capsule 3, the institutional development from the ECSC to the present European Union is presented.

  1. The stages of European integration
  2. Europe, rooms with variable geometry
  3. The 4 principles of European governance
  4. The institutions of the Union
  5. Shared sovereignty: qualified majority voting
  6. The open method of coordination
  7. The EU: a democracy at all levels

Capsule 3- 3.- The challenges of further European integration

How will the EU respond to the current sequence of economic, political, financial and social crises? Brexit offers the opportunity and the pandemic the need to revitalise the European project. We must clarify the objectives of our long march. Do we want the largest liberal market or a Europe of complementarity and solidarity?

  1. SARS CoV 2 pandemic
  2. Climate change.
  3. The European Social Model
  4. The rise of populism in Europe
  5. Europe before migratory flows
  6. The fragmentation of Europe
  7. Europe's digital transformation
  8. The threatened peace
  9. Only a united and strong Europe can exist.
  10. Europeans and Europe, between distrust and ambivalence